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Chapter 3 Test 6
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- Question 1 of 24
Who was the first English Prime Minister?CorrectIncorrect
The first man to be called this was Sir Robert Walpole, who was Prime Minister from 1721 to 1742.
- Question 2 of 24
Who was Robert Burns?CorrectIncorrect
Known in Scotland as ‘The Bard’, Robert Burns was a Scottish poet.
- Question 3 of 24
Who established the Church of England?CorrectIncorrect
To divorce his first wife, Henry VIII needed the approval of the Pope. When the Pope refused, Henry established the Church of England. In this new church, the king, not the Pope, would have the power to appoint bishops and order how people should worship.
- Question 4 of 24
What name is given to the period in the 18th century when new ideas about politics, philosophy and science were developed?CorrectIncorrect
During the 18th century, new ideas about politics, philosophy and science were developed. This is often called ‘the Enlightenment’.
- Question 5 of 24
What is the meaning of ‘Magna Carta’?CorrectIncorrect
The Magna Carta (which means the Great Charter). The Magna Carta established the idea that even the king was subject to the law. It protected the rights of the nobility and restricted the king’s power to collect taxes or to make and change laws.
- Question 6 of 24
When did the War of the Roses end?CorrectIncorrect
The War of the Roses ended with the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485.
- Question 7 of 24
The UK is not a full member of the European Union because it does not use the Euro currency:CorrectIncorrect
The UK is a full member of the European Union but does not use the Euro currency.
- Question 8 of 24
Who was the British Minister after Margaret Thatcher?CorrectIncorrect
John Major was Prime Minister after Mrs Thatcher, and helped establish the Northern Ireland peace process.
- Question 9 of 24
Who defeated Emperor Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815?CorrectIncorrect
In 1815, the French Wars ended with the defeat of the Emperor Napoleon by the Duke of Wellington at the Battle of Waterloo.
- Question 10 of 24
What was the symbol of the House of Tudor?CorrectIncorrect
The symbol of the House of Tudor was a red rose with a white rose inside it as a sign that the Houses of York and Lancaster were now allies.
- Question 11 of 24
What animal is represented in the Welsh flag?CorrectIncorrect
There is also an official Welsh flag, which shows a Welsh dragon. The Welsh dragon does not appear on the Union Flag because, when the first Union Flag was created in 1606 from the flags of Scotland and England, the Principality of Wales was already untied with England.
- Question 12 of 24
Which famous economist developed ideas about economics during the 18th century and which are still referred to today?CorrectIncorrect
During the 18th century, new ideas about politics, philosophy and science were developed. This is often called ‘the Enlightenment’. Many of the great thinkers of the Enlightenment were Scottish. Adam Smith developed ideas about economics which are still referred to today.
- Question 13 of 24
Who invented the cash-dispensing ATM (automatic teller machine) or ‘cashpoint’?CorrectIncorrect
In the 1960s, James Goodfellow (1937-) invented the cash-dispensing ATM (automatic teller machine) or ‘cashpoint’. The first of these was put into use by Barclays Bank in Enfield, north London in 1967.
- Question 14 of 24
What is the meaning of the term ‘Habeas corpus’?CorrectIncorrect
Habeas corpus is Latin for ‘you must present the person in court’. The Habeas Corpus Act guaranteed that no one could be held prisoner unlawfully. Every prisoner has a right to a court hearing.
- Question 15 of 24
Which German princess got married with Henry VIII?CorrectIncorrect
Anne of Cleves was a German princess who married Henry VIII for political reasons.
- Question 16 of 24
What was the most spoken language during the Iron Age?CorrectIncorrect
The language spoken during the Iron Age was part of the Celtic language family.
- Question 17 of 24
Which of the following was one of the most famous battles of the Hundred Years War?CorrectIncorrect
One of the most famous battles of the Hundred Years War was the Battle of Agincourt in 1415, where King Henry V’s vastly outnumbered English army defeated the French. The English left France in the 1450s.
- Question 18 of 24
During the Middle Ages, England was an important trading nation and people came to England from abroad to trade and also to work. Where did the engineers come from?CorrectIncorrect
During the Middle Ages, people came to England from abroad to trade and also to work. Many had special skills, such as weavers from France, engineers from Germany, glass manufacturers from Italy and canal builders from Holland.
- Question 19 of 24
How many wives did Henry VIII have?CorrectIncorrect
Henry VIII had six wives.
- Question 20 of 24
When did the English become the preferred language of the royal court and Parliament?CorrectIncorrect
By 1400, in England, official documents were being written in English, and English had become the preferred language of the royal court and Parliament.
- Question 21 of 24
What was Boudicca, the queen of the Iceni in what is now eastern England, known for?CorrectIncorrect
One of the tribal leaders who fought against the Romans was Boudicca, the queen of the Iceni in what is now eastern England.
- Question 22 of 24
When was the hovercraft invented?CorrectIncorrect
Sir Christopher Cockrell (1910-99), a British inventor, invented the hovercraft in the 1950s.
- Question 23 of 24
Who is the author of the famous play ‘Macbeth’?CorrectIncorrect
Macbeth is a famous play by William Shakespeare.
- Question 24 of 24
What animal was cloned by scientists Sir Ian Wilmot and Keith Campbell?CorrectIncorrect
In 1996, two British scientists, Sir Ian Wilmot (1944-) and Keith Campbell (1954-2012), led a team which was the first to succeed in cloning a mammal, Dolly the sheep.
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